Online dictionary of history and traditions in Japan: Emperor Nintoku,Emperor Ojin,Emperor Shomu,Emperor Sujin,Emperor Taisho,Emperor Tenchi,Emperor Tenmu,Emperor Yuryaku,Empress Jingu,Empress Suiko

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Page beginning from the letter: # A A B B B C D E E E F G G G H H H H H I I J J K K K K K K K L M M M M N N N O O O P R R S S S S S S S S T T T T T U W Y Y Z

Emperor Nintoku

ninntokutennnou ninntoku
alternative words: Nintoku tenno, Nintoku tennou, Nintoku
keywords: emperor, famous person
related topics: Emperor Ojin , Tumulus , Kofun period
related web sites: http://www.wnn.or.jp/wnn-history/
explanation: 16th Emperor and a son of Ojin tenno, he is notorious as the owner of a gigantic tumulus (486m long), the biggest in Japan. There exists a controversy among historians about his existence because of a strange similitude between the name of his wife Kaminaga hime and that of his father's, Izuminonaga hime, both coming from Hyuga region. Anyway, his huge tumulus located near the seashore on the south of Osaka should have impressed all the foreign delegations, arriving to Japan.

Emperor Ojin

oujinntennnou oujinn
alternative words: Emperor Oujin, Ojintenno, Ojin-tenno, Ojin tenno, Oujin tennou, Ojin
keywords: emperor, famous person
related topics: Tumulus , Nihonshoki , Kojiki , Empress Jingu , Emperor Nintoku , Kofun period
explanation: The 15th Emperor of Japan. A legend says that he had born from Empress Jingu who would have already pregnant when she had been fighting in Korean peninsula. For that reason, he had been considered a war god and protector of Japan (Hachiman shinko). His tumulus, located in the south of Osaka prefecture is the biggest in Japan in volume. Some see the establishment of a new dynasty from Ojin because of the localization of his tumulus, far from the precedents.

Emperor Shomu

shyoumutennnou
alternative words: Shomu tenno, Shomu tennou, Emperor Shoumu, Shoumu tenno, Shoumu tennou
keywords: emperor, famous person
related topics: Nara period , Rebellion of Fujiwara no Hirotsugu , Fujiwara no Fuhito , Gyoki
related web sites: http://www.todaiji.org , http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~sg2h-ymst/syoumu.html , http://www.hikyaku.com/gallery/english/nara.html
explanation: 45th emperor. Born in 701 from Emperor Monmu and a daughter of Fujiwara no Fuhito. He introduced massively Chinese civilization through Kentoshi missions and constructed many Buddhist temples. After a rebellion of Fujiwara no Hirotsugu in 740, he changed 3 times the capital. Though during his reign, Tenpyo Buddhist art reached the apogee, due to many palace and temple constructions such as Todaiji temple in Nara, the state treasure was exhausted. He died in 756.

Emperor Sujin

sujinntennnou
alternative words: Sujin tenno, Sujintenno, Sujin tennou, Suijin
keywords: emperor, famous person
related topics: Yamato dynasty , Kojiki , Nihonshoki
explanation: Japanese 10th emperor. Also called "Hatsukunishirasu sumeramikoto" (1er emperor who governed the country), he had extended the territory of Yamato dynasty by sending his generals to 4 directions. He is the first emperor of whom accounts are enough rich on old history books to be credible. According to the theory of "horse ridding people", coming from Korean peninsula through Kyushu, he should be the leader of cavaliers who may have conquered the precedent dynasty.


Emperor Taisho

taishyoutennnou yoshihito taishyou
alternative words: Taisho tenno, Taishotenno, Taishou tenno, Yoshihito, Taisho, Taishou
keywords: emperor, famous person
related topics: Emperor Meiji , Taisho period
explanation: Born in 1879 between Emperor Meiji and a court lady, Yanagihara Naruko. His personal name was Yoshihito and educated in a western style university for peers (Gakushuin). He became the 123rd emperor in 1912 and proclaimed his era "Taisho". He was officially enthroned in 1915 at Kyoto but due to his cerebral illness, he was unable to deal with state affairs and his crown prince Hirohito became a regent in 1921. His reign was relatively calm excepting for the world war I. He died in 1926.

Emperor Tenchi

tennchitennnou tennjitennnou nakanoooenoooji tennchi
alternative words: Emperor Tenji, Tenchi tenno, Tenchi tennou, Tenji tenno, Tenji tennou, Nakano oe, Prince Nakano oe, Tenchi
keywords: emperor, famous person, korea
related topics: Asuka period , Taika reform , Ritsuryo system , Nakatomi no Kamatari , Soga no Iruka , Battle of Hakusukinoe
related web sites: http://www2.justnet.ne.jp/~yoshiro/html/history/honbun/jinshin.html
explanation: Born in 626 as the eldest son of Emperor Jomei. He carried out a coup d'?t with Nakatomi no Kamatari to eliminate Soga family in 645 then introduced Taika reform to create a centralized Japan (Ritsuryo regime). He had remained as the crown prince of Emperor Kotoku then Empress Saimei, his mother, but after a disaster of the battle of Hakusukinoe in Korea, he moved the capital to Otsu on the shore of Lake Biwa and became the 38th emperor in 668. He died in 671.

Emperor Tenmu

tennmutennnou ooamanoooji tennmu
alternative words: Tenmu tenno, Tenmu tennou, Tenmu, Temmu, Prince Oama, Prince Ooama
keywords: emperor, famous person
related topics: Jinshin war , Emperor Tenchi , Taoism
explanation: Born as a brother of Emperor Tenchi, but Tenchi wished to give the throne to his son prince Otomo instead of Tenmu (prince Oama). So he hid in Yoshino mountains, excusing that he wishes to master Taoism. Then secretly he gathered troops and organized a putsch. After fierce battles (Jinshin war), he succeeded to eliminate Otomo and become 40th emperor. By continuing the works of Tenchi, he organized a powerful imperial court around him by using his knowledge of Taoism. He died in 686.

Emperor Yuryaku

yuuryakutennnou waoubu
alternative words: Emperor Yuuryaku, Yuryaku tenno, Waketakeru no mikoto, Prince Waketakeru, King Bu, Yuryaku
keywords: china, emperor, famous person
related topics: 5 Japanese kings , Yamato dynasty , Kofun period
related web sites: http://www.geocities.co.jp/CollegeLife/9791/Yuryaku.html
explanation: Japanese 21th Emperor. In the letter sent to Chinese emperor in 5th century, Youryaku says that my ancestors have been busy to extend our domain: to the east, we conquered 55 Ainu's countries, to the west, 66 rebellion countries then crossed over the sea to the north to conquer 95 countries. During his life, not only he conquered more territories but eliminated internal foes. His Japanese name "Waketakeru" means "young and strong" while Chinese name "Bu" means "strong".

Empress Jingu

jinnguukougou okinagatarashihimenomikoto okinagatarashihimenomikoto
alternative words: Empress Jingukogo, Jingukogo, Jingu-kogo, Jingu kogo, Okinagatarashihime, Okinagatarashi-hime, Princess Okinagatarashi, Jingu
keywords: emperor, famous person, korea, mythology
related topics: Nihonshoki , Himiko , Emperor Ojin , Paekche , Silla , Koguryo
related web sites: http://www.joyful.gr.jp/box1/japanese/jinrin.html , http://www.geocities.co.jp/SilkRoad/4815/sumiyoshi.html , http://www.ne.jp/asahi/kam/navi/kinokuni/historyjinguu.htm
explanation: Wife of the 14th Emperor, Chuai. According Nihonshoki, after the death of her husband, she would have crossed over the sea to conquer 3 Korean Kingdoms, Koguryo, Paekche and Silla while an expected son and the future Emperor, Ojin in her body. After his birth, she would have returned back to Yamato with Ojin to punish those who didn't want them. Nihonshoki also says that Himiko should be another name of Jingu but many historians don't agree with this thesis.

Empress Suiko

suikotennnou
alternative words: Suiko tenno, Suiko tennou, Suiko, Empress Suiko tenno
keywords: china, emperor, famous person
related topics: Asuka period , Prince Shotoku
explanation: Suiko is the first empress of Japan of whom existence is certified. Born in 554 as a daughter of Soga clan and became the wife of Emperor Kinmei. After the assassination of Emperor Shushun by a killer sent by Soga, Suiko became the 33th emperor. With her nephew and regent, prince Shotoku, she strove to strengthen Yamato dynasty: not only she legislated many laws such as the constitution with 17 articles, but sent several missions to China (Kenzui-shi) to increase Japanese prestige. She died in 628.

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