Online dictionary of France travel and tourism: Madeleine church,Maison Carree,Marseille,Meije,Metz,Millau bridge,Monaco,Monet museum,Mont Blanc,Mont Blanc tunnel

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Madeleine church

French words: Sainte Marie-Madeleine , Eglise de la Madeleine
alternative words: Madeleine temple, Sainte Marie Madeleine
keywords: church, paris, tourist resort
related topics: Concorde square , Paris Opera
related web sites: ,
explanation: Located near Faux-Bourg Saint Honore Street, between Paris Opera and Place de la Concorde, the reconstruction of Madeleine church was decided in 1757, by replacing a small old church. Due to repeated architect and regime changes, the construction stagnated and achieved finally in 1842 during the reign of Louis Philippe, into a Greco-Roman style church with majestic colonnades. Everyday excepting for Monday, a flower market is organized around the place. The famous delicatessen shop, Fauchon is in north.

Maison Carree

French words: Maison Carrée
alternative words: Square house
keywords: church, roman remains, southern france, tourist resort
related topics: Nimes , Madeleine church
related web sites: ,
explanation: Built at the forum of Nimes around 19 B.C. by a Roman general, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, for the memory of his 2 sons, died very young, Maison Carree is one of the Roman monuments best preserved until now. Raised on a podium of 3m high, Maison Carree was a classic Augustan temple with 26m long by 15m wide, but transformed to a Christian church in 4th century. Hubert Robert drew a mythical ambience of this temple in his painting of 1787. Madeleine church in Paris has been inspired by Maison Carree.


French words: Marseille
keywords: sea, southern france, tourist resort, town
related web sites: , ,
explanation: Located in southern France on the Mediterranean coast, Marseille is the 2nd largest town of France and the largest Mediterranean harbor. It was founded by Phocaean Greeks in 600 B.C and called Massalia. Marseille was attached to France by the annexation of Provence dukedom in 1481. Its growth as industrialized city began with a colonization of North Africa during the modern period. It owns a football club Olympics of Marseille. It is also the capital of Bouches-du-Rhone prefecture and the population 772000.


French words: La Meije
alternative words: La Meije, Mount Meije
keywords: alps, mountain, tourist resort
related web sites: ,
explanation: Located in the South Alps in Massif of Ecrin, Mount Meije with 3,984m high is one of the European peaks fallen lately. It was reached first in 1877 by the party of Emmanuel Boileau de Castelneu and Pierre Gaspard and son by ascending vertically from the base while the route which follows the serrated edges from west was defeated in 1891. The starting point has become the second highest ski resort in France (Deux Alpes). You can admire the majestic peak of Meije from Grave village across the Romanche valley.


French words: Metz
keywords: tourist resort, town
related web sites:
explanation: Founded by a Celtic tribe, Metz was one of the main towns of the Roman empire in Gallia province. In 834, Metz became the capital of Lotharingia kingdom after a division of Frankish kingdom. During the middle ages, Metz was a nearly independent bishopric town inside Holy Roman empire. Though French king Henri II conquered Metz in 1552, it had been annexed by Germany between 1871 and 1918. Metz is the capital of Lorraine region and its population 117000. Saint Etienne cathedral is the main tourist spot.

Millau bridge

French words: Viaduc de Millau
alternative words: Millau viaduc, Bridge of Millau, Viaduc of Millau
keywords: transport
related web sites: ,
explanation: In order to lighten the heavy traffics of A6-A7, the government planed a second motorway, A71 to connect Paris with the Mediterranean sea in 1978. But, passing through mountainous regions, its achievement was very slow, especially around Millau where the route has to cross over a deep Tarn valley. Inaugurated by President Chirac in December 2004, Millau bridge is the tallest bridge in the world, suspended by 7 pillars with one of them 343m high, higher that Eiffel Tower, while its length is 2460m.


French words: Monaco , Principauté de Monaco
alternative words: Principality of Monaco
keywords: french riviera, sea, southern france, tourist resort, town
related web sites: ,
explanation: Located in south-east of France on the Mediterranean coast near Italian border, Monaco is the second smallest country in the world. It was founded in 1215 as a Genoa's colony and Grimaldi house has controlled Monaco since 1297. Rainier III married a Hollywood star Grace Kelly in 1956. Having no income tax, Monaco organizes many activities to attract tourists such as, Grand Prix de Monaco, Rally Monte Carlo, Football (As Monaco), Casino, Opera etc. The current sovereign is Albert II and the population 32500.

Monet museum

French words: Jardin de Monet , Maison de Monet , Musée de Monet
alternative words: Claude Monet museum, Monet garden, Giverny
keywords: museum, normandy, park, tourist resort
related web sites:
explanation: Impressionism master, Claude Monet spent his life in a house at Giverny from 1883 until his death in 1926. He let make a pond on the another side of the road and drew a big lotus paint, which decorates now the gallery of Orangerie at Paris. His house becoming a museum, exposes Monet's great collection of Japanese woodcuts (Ukiyoe). Giverny is located 80 km west of Paris, near Vernon.

Mont Blanc

French words: Mont Blanc
alternative words: Monte Bianco, Montblanc
keywords: alps, mountain
related topics: Aiguille du Midi , Chamonix
related web sites: , , ,
explanation: Located between Chamonix in France and Courmayeur of Aosta valley in Italy, Mont Blanc is the highest peak in the Western Europe. Its height varies between 4807m and 4810m due to a snow dome covering the top. There exists still a boarder dispute between France and Italy on the belonging of the summit. Jacques Balmat and Michel Piccard first reached the peak of Mont Blanc in 1786. Now, thanks to the ropeway of Aiguille du Midi or Mont Blanc tramway from St Gervais, you can reach more quickly the summit.

Mont Blanc tunnel

French words: Tunnel du Mont Blanc
alternative words: Tunnel of Mont Blanc
keywords: alps, transport
related topics: Frejus tunnel , Chamonix
related web sites: ,
explanation: Inaugurated in July 1965 by General De Gaulle, Mont Blanc tunnel is one of the oldest car tunnels passing through Alps. Il connects Chamonix in France to Aosta valley in Italy with the total length of 11,6km. After a fire of March 1999 which made 39 victims, several security measures have been added such as parallel evacuation gallery. It reopened in March 2002, but since the closure of Frejus Tunnel in June 2005, it has to receive all the transalpine traffics in spite of environmentalists' protestation.


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